Curated by Alessandra Coda

The phrase "practical taekwondo" Often the answer is "What is it?", because, despite the increasing number of practitioners of the sport, many still do not know. Well, let's clarify all doubts: the Taekwondo [태권도] is a Korean martial art that involves the use of techniques of football and fist in both traditional forms and in combat. This discipline, which became part of the Olympic sports at the games of Sydney 2000, has no limits neither of age nor of skill because it can be practiced by all: a demonstration of this it is important to emphasize that the Taekwondo will become also Paralympic sport with From the Tokyo 2020 games.

Often the practice of this martial art is recommended to children, because it teaches respect to anyone around us, regardless of degree, skill or any other characteristic, also puts attention on

Improvement of physical and emotional self-control, self-esteem (for example through the use of Ki-Up, The scream, during the execution of techniques), concentration, coordination and spatial-temporal orientation; In addition, being a situational sport, it allows to develop the ability to adapt to circumstances that vary quickly.

In particular, the practice of Taekwondo could be Suitable for children diagnosed with hemiplegia, as they would have the opportunity to fight against their difficulties in the fluidity of movements and to maintain a good balance: in fact, through the learning of certain movements of the pelvis and the lower limbs, they would have the possibility to Improve their sense-perceptual abilities and, consequently, to gain more consciousness and knowledge of their body. This would be possible, for example, through a method of learning the various techniques that puts attention to a bit of movement at a time, in such a way as to simplify and recognize each of the aspects that then, assembled, will allow to coordinate The correct action.  In this way the children would come to a particular awareness of the emiplegic limbs and parts of the body they underestimated, gradually becoming able to recognize and control them more effectively and reaching a more and more motricity Harmonious. Another aspect concerns the improvement that the child, especially if hemiplegic, could have in the capacity of joint control and modulation of the force: in fact the execution of the techniques in Taekwondo is aimed at reaching with the feet Or with the hands of a certain area of the opponent's body.                                                                                                                                   

To remember also that in the practice of Taekwondo The athlete comes to relate what is concrete, like muscles and bones, with what is not, as attention, adaptability and memory: the child would therefore have the opportunity to take the step following the first , that is not only to know himself, but also to recognize himself within a surrounding environment that sends him stimuli, such as, for example, in the case of a combat in which the actions of the opponent induce successive actions of attack and defense. In this regard for the child it would be important to compare the same with another athlete at about the same level, so as to better recognize what can be his current limits and work to overcome them.

For more information on taekwondo: Alessandra.coda99@gmail.com

Milan 20/9/2018